The International Criminal Court (ICJ) in The Hague has ruled that Serbia did not commit genocide in Croatia during the Balkan Wars.
The Croatian government claimed that Serbia committed genocide against its people in Vukovar and elsewhere in 1991, after Croatia broke away from the former Yugoslavia and the region erupted in violence.
Serbia responded the Croatian claim by launching a countersuit with the ICJ over the expulsion of 200,000 Serbs from Croatia in the final stages of the Croatian War of Independence in 1995.
Around 260 Croatian men were detained and killed by Serbian troops when they occupied the town of Vukovar for three months in 1991, with tens of thousands displaced.
Yugoslav military leaders Veselin Šljivančanin and Mile Mrkšić were both convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia for their role in orchestrating the massacre.
Croatia filed its case with the ICJ in 1999, and wanted Serbia to pay compensation for the targeting of ethnic Croats during the conflict and the damages to the Croatian people and their property.
However, on Tuesday Judge Peter Tomka ruled that the case against Serbia was “dismissed in its entirety” as Croatia had failed to produce sufficient evidence that Serbian forces has the “specific intent required for acts of genocide”.
The ICJ is yet to rule on the Serbian case.